Archive for the ‘Consistory 2010’ Category

Cardinal Baldelli dies


Fortunato Cardinal Baldelli,  major penitentiary emeritus of the Apostolic Penitentiary has died.  He is the first in the 2010 consistory to die, having been the second to retire. After the death of Cardinal Baldelli, the members of the College of Cardinals are 205. The cardinal electors are now 116. This means that the consistory next year will have an extra elector’s slot to fill bringing it to 17.


You stratch my back….


Two days ago, in a suprise move,  Velasio Cardinal De Paolis, C.S. having only been a cardinal since November 2010 had his resignation accepted as president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See. In his stead was named Bishop Giuseppe Versaldi of Alessandria, since May 2007. Versaldi had served as vicar general to then Archbishop Bertone of Vercelli. The resignation of Cardinal De Paolis makes him the first of the 2010 consistory to retire after his creation.

In 2010 an Italian newspaper attacked the way Cardinal Bertone was running the Curia. Versaldi came to his former master’s defence. Bertone has obviously not forgotten the defence. Bishop Versaldi had been mentioned to take the archdiocese of Turin  but in the end it is thought that Benedict vetoed such a move.

The appointment of Versaldi to Rome shows either one of two things. Either Pope Benedict let Cardinal Bertone name his former vicar general in order that Bertone’s  power in the Curia be clear to all and further re-enforced, or Benedict has lost interest in all but the most important of curial and diocesan appointments.

The appointed of Versaldi follows quickly on the the heels of the new president of the APSA, Archbishop Domenico Calcagno, also close to Cardinal Bertone. As should be expected, there has been talk of Versaldi being almost certain to be included among the list of new cardinals that will be created sometime next year. The same article notes that Bishop Gianfranco Girotti, 74, regent of the Apostolic Penitentiary, should take over from Cardinal Baldelli, 76, who has served since June 2009 and had previously been nuncio to France for ten years.

This still leaves the prestigious post of nuncio to Italy vacant. Recent talk has suggested that Archbishop Beniamino Stella, 70, president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy is the most likely candidate. Though there is still talk of Archbishop Lorenzo Baldisseri or Archbishop Adriano Bernardini of being appointed.

Today it was also announced that Benedict, instead of waiting for the Feast of Ss Peter and Paul, imposed the new pallium on Cardinal Scola of Milan, which Rocco says “effectively anoints newly-named Milan abp as chosen successor”.

Consistory 2010:titles and deaconries


Following on from a custom started at the 2006 consistory, Pope Benedict yesterday discussed issues with almost the entire College of Cardinals present. The talks given were given by Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone SDB on religious freedom, Antonio Cardinal Canizares Llovera on the liturgy, followed by Ten years on from ‘Dominus Iesus’ by then-Cardinal designate Angelo Amato SDB and finally the Church’s response to cases of sexual abuse and “the Constitution ‘Anglicanorum coetibus’, both to be delivered by William Joseph Cardinal Levada.

The day of the consistory proper is here and unlike the 2007 consistory, or indeed the 1998 consistory, all the designates made it to this day alive. Pope Benedict has created (from the Latin creare, to appoint) and proclaimed them cardinals of the Holy Roman Church and as such they are the successors of the clergy of Rome and in a nod to history are linked to a church in the city. Below is the list in the order of their creation:

Non voting:

With the close of the first part of the consistory and the Mass of the Ring tomorrow it is worth noting that Pope Benedict established two two titular churches, the deaconary of San Paolo alle Tre Fontane for Cardinal Piacenza and San Corbiniano, very fittingly for Cardinal Marx who as archbishop of Munich is the successor of St Corbinian. With his elevation Cardinal Marx is the youngest member of the College taking over from Peter Cardinal Erdo who was elevated at 51 in the 2003 consistory. Cardinal Brandmuller recieved the Belgian national church of St Julius of the Flemings., seeing as the German national church, or what is seen as the German national church, Santa Maria dell’Anima, is not currently established as a titular church.

Anglicanism’s future


Amid the continuing economic gloom another gloom is setting in albeit in a different form. Over the last number of weeks the state of the Church of England seems to have been cleared further, for better or for worse. Those that are leaving the Anglican Communion thanks to Anglicanorum Coetibus of November 2009, “represent the most traditional ‘High Church’ members of the Anglican Communion. They believe that there is no place for women bishops and are appalled by what they see as the imposition of liberal reforms by the Church hierarchy”.

 One of the conservative members, John Broadhurst, “accused the General Synod of being ‘vindictive’ and ‘vicious’ in its treatment of Anglo-Catholic conservatives”. This will have more people joining the English Ordinariate to be established next year where conservative Anglicans can join the Roman Catholic Church, it appears they will not be a rite in and of themselves but as has been stated before they will retain certain aspects of their liturgy.

However “major questions remain over how the new system will operate. Priests will be expected to remain celibate, although married men may be ordained on an individual basis. The Ordinary – who will take charge of the Ordinariate – will certainly be required to be celibate. Newly converted priests with families face a tough time, as they are likely to receive much less generous allowances from Rome than they are used to getting from the Church of England”.

In addition to this there is news that five Anglican bishops have, or are about to, resign and convert to become Catholic priests. The prelates are “the Bishop of Fulham, the Rt Rev John Broadhurst; the Bishop of Richborough, the Rt Rev Keith Newton; the Bishop of Ebbsfleet, the Rt Rev Andrew Burnham; and two retired bishops, the Rt Rev Edwin Barnes, honorary assistant bishop of Winchester, and the Rt Rev David Silk, honorary assistant bishop of Exeter”. Yet the numbers to convert, in comparison to the total numbers of English Anglicans is expected to be small, “The estimates suggest up to 500 individuals will join the Ordinariate in the first wave, with more expected to follow once it has become established.”

Crucially “the departing Anglo-Catholics believed that the Church of England, despite its Protestant roots, was part of the Catholic Church. Now, as it prepares to ordain women bishops, they have given up on it”, the writer emphaises how it was conservative Anglicans who asked Rome for this so whole parishes could convert. Interestingly “Many Anglo-Catholics, however, are determined to stay in the Church of England – and Dr Williams is encouraging them in their resolve. As a result, the High Church wing of the Church has become hopelessly split”. In time however those who favour the High Church will have to decide who to side with, Rome or Lambeth. He notes that some of those who are converting e.g. “Ebbsfleet and Richborough are not dioceses. They are suffragan sees created by the General Synod in the 1990s for ‘flying bishops’ who minister exclusively to traditionalists who reject women priests. Now two of the three flying bishops are resigning to take part in another radical experiment, this time under the aegis of the Vatican”. He points out how “the Pope has bypassed the ecumenists, giving responsibility for the scheme to his old colleagues at the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.”

Finally, the consequences of these conversions are clear, if the Church of England General Synod is wholly or mainly liberal, then for better or worse, there is less and less room for conservatives but what will arise, in time, is a more homogenous form of Anglicanism. However it could also be the informal death knell for ARCIC (Anglican—Roman Catholic International Commission) and end of any meaningful ecumenical discussions with Rome as there is little point, at least from Rome’s point of view, as Anglicanism drifts further away. This is typified by Cardinal-designate Kurt Koch, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, whose main focus is expected to be Orthodox Churches.

Burke speaks


Cardinal-designate Raymond Burke speaks correctly, however he fails to realise that the GOP have done nothing to stop abortions on a national stage – and nor will they, despite their rhetoric – as most people believe this.

Burke also speaks about homosexuality as those who “suffer from this attraction”  he says that they should “correct in themselves” this orientation, however that goes against the Church’s teaching which says people are born that way – top marks for consistancy.

As if that wasn’t enough Rocco points out that there is talk of “another consistory of elevation could be held by the end of 2011″. He continues saying fascinatingly, that “ten more conclave seats will open in 2011. Another 13 cardinals reach the ineligibility age of 80 in 2012, with an additional 10 in 2013. As a result, having already chosen 50 voting red-hats since his 2005 election, by his eighth year on Peter’s chair, B16 could choose 70% of the Conclave that will elect his successor”.

Consistory 2010:the names


The names of those to be elevated on 20 November in order of precedence:

  • Angelo Amato SDB, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints
  • Antonio Naguib, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts
  • Robert Sarah, president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum
  • Franceso Monterisi, archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
  • Fortunato Baldelli, major penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
  • Raymond Leo Burke, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
  • Kurt Koch, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
  • Paolo Sardi, pro-patron of the Sovereign Order of Malta
  • Mauro Piacenza, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy
  • Velasio de Paolis CS, president of the Prefecture of Economic Affairs of the Holy See
  • Gianfranco Ravasi, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture
  • Medardo Joseph Mazombwe, archbishop emeritus of Lusaka
  • Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga, archbishop emeritus of Quito
  • Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, archbishop of Kinshasa
  • Paolo Romeo, archbishop of Palermo
  • Donald William Wuerl, archbishop of Washington DC
  • Raymundo Damesceno Assis, archbishop of Aparcedia
  • Kazimierz Nycz, archbishop of Warsaw
  • Malcom Rajith, archbishop of Colombo
  • Reinhard Marx, archbishop of Munich

Non voting:

  • Jose Manuel Estepa Llaaurens, archbishop emeritus of the Military Ordinarate of Spain
  • Elio Sgreccia, president emeritus of the Pontifical Academy for Life
  • Msgr Walter Brandmuller, president emeritus of the Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences
  • Msgr Domenico Bartolucci, maestro emeritus of the Sistine Chapel

There are twenty cardinal electors who by the date of the consistory on 20 November will take the number of the College of Cardinals to 121, one above the limit set by Paul VI. What is notable is to have two emeriti on the list, the emeritus of Lusaka will  be 80 next August, not only that those that did not make the list are notable, Francesco Coccopalmerio, Antonio Maria Vegliò, Claudio Maria Celli who were are all serving before the appointments of Cardinals-designate Piacenza, Sarah and Koch. Those archbishops from dioceses that did not make the list this time around include,  John Dew, Braulio Rodriguez Plaza, Giuseppe Betori and Peter Takeo Okada.

What is also interesting is that some of the names of the curialists are not strictly in order of precedence of their dicastary, for example Archbishop Sarah is above Archbishop Piacenza.

These names are not cardinals and should the pope die tomorrow they have no rights to enter the conclave, they are  cardinals-designate.

Consistory 2010:possible names


The creation of new cardinals has at last been confirmed. The announcement will take place on Wednesday after the General Audience. While there is no sure way of knowing exactly who will be chosen people can take an educated guess. Below is a list of 21 electors who will get a red hat eventually, and who should be chosen this time around, but some of those listed here might not make it. Formally there will only be 19 vacancies in the electoral college come the day of the consistory next month. As has been said here before, Pope Benedict, should exceed this limit and include the six cardinals who reach 80 by 11 April 2011 and give himself more slots to fill for this consistory rather than having to wait.  

  • Angelo Amato SDB, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints
  • Mauro Piacenza, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy
  • Fortunato Baldelli, major penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
  • Raymond Leo Burke, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
  • Kurt Koch, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
  • Francesco Coccopalmerio, president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts 
  • Gianfranco Ravasi, president of the Pontifical Council for Culture
  • Velasio De Paolis CS, president of the Prefecture of the Economic Affairs of the Holy See
  • Francesco Monterisi, archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
  • Paolo Sardi, pro-patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta & vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church
  • Józef Kowalczyk, archbishop of Gniezno & primate of Poland
  • Donald William Wuerl, archbishop of Washington D.C.
  • John Dew, archbishop of Wellington  
  • Braulio Rodriguez Plaza, archbishop of Toledo & primate of Spain
  • Giuseppe Betori, archbishop of Florence
  • Paolo Romeo, archbishop of Palermo
  • Thomas Christopher Collins, archbishop of Toronto
  • Peter Takeo Okada, archbishop of Tokyo
  • Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya, archbishop of Kinshasa
  • Albert Malcolm Ranjith, archbishop of Colombo
  • Reinhard Marx, archbishop of Munich 

The above is just an educated guess, there are also (theortically limitless)  possibilities of creations of those over 80 who will be unable to vote but whom Benedict wishes to thank for their service to the Church. Among the names mentioned are Msgr Walter Brandmuller, president emeritus of the Pontifical Committee of Historical Sciences and Bishop Elio Sgreccia, president emeritus of the Pontifical Academy for Life. These names, like those to be cardinal-electors are however solely at the discretion of the pope so chosing exactly who will be named is difficult. Other possibilities have already been listed here.

It’s back


Last Sunday at his Angelus, it was noticed that something had changed. And a welcome change at that, after five years of this, the tiara’s back to its rightful place.

Other news suggests that there maybe a consistory in November, or maybe not. What should just be done is include those replacements for cardinals that turn 80 in the first half of next year (Bernard Cardinal Panafieu, Ricardo Cardinal Vidal, Agustín Cardinal García-Gasco Vicente, Camillo Cardinal Ruini, William Henry Cardinal Keeler and Sergio Cardinal Sebastiani) in the consistory in November rather than having to wait until June next year.

Problem solved…………………..

Curial appointments


As predicted on 24 August, Paul Cardinal Cordes was formally retired today as president of the Pontifical Counil Cor Unum. His replacement however, was not as thought, the nuncio to Italy, but Archbishop Robert Sarah who had been serving as secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of the Peoples.

Also unexpectedly Claudio Cardinal Hummes was retired as prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, and strangely replaced by his No.2, Archbishop Mauro Piacenza.  Cardinal Hummes was appointed in October 2006 and was thought that he would complete his five year term of appointment before being retired.   

Both the appointments are unusual as they are promotions from with the Curia itself and not from diocesan bishops who were called to Rome as has been the case for many of Pope Benedict’s appointments. It is unclear if Benedict made these moves today so these names could be included in the consistory for the creation of new cardinals that is expected to take place in November.

November consistory


The date for the creation of new cardinals seems to have been set. The names of those to be elevated will be announced on the 20 October, while the Synod on the Middle East is being held in Rome. The actual date of the ceremony being on the 20 November, just days after Janis Cardinal Pujats turns 80 and loses his voting rights. Earlier talk of a June 2011 date seems to have faded. The expected 19 slots for those under 80 will eventually go on to elect Pope Benedict’s successor. It is uncertain if Benedict will go above the 19 names and name electors to replace cardinals who lose their rights in the early part of 2011, such as  Bernard Cardinal Panafieu, Ricardo Cardinal Vidal or Camillo Cardinal Ruini. 

There are, as always, more candidates than available slots so some people are going to get left out. Among the names most likely to get the nod from the Curia are  Archbishops Angelo Amato, Fortunato Baldelli, Raymond Burke, Francesco Coccopalmerio, Velasio De Paolis, Antonio Veglio, Francesco Monterisi and Paolo Sardis another albeit long shot, Piero Marini. Of the residental archbishops names that have been mentioned are Donald Wuerl, Thomas Collins, at least one Polish archbishop, Jozef Kowalczyk the primate of Poland or Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw along with Reinhard Marx,  Odon Marie Razanakolona, John Dew and Giuseppe Betori, Paolo Romeo, Allen Vigneron, Braulio Rodríguez Plaza, Peter Takeo Okada of Toyko, João Bráz de Aviz and Malcolm Ranjith of Colombo.  

As usual most of the cardinals come from Europe and North America so Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya and Jean Pierre Kutwa have also been mentioned, the former being more expected than that latter to be chosen. What all of these residential archbishops have in common is that their dioceses have no elector at all. So it will be interesting to see if Benedict breaks custom (not law) and names André-Joseph Leonard, Orani João Tempesta, Tim Dolan and/or Vincent Nichols. Not only that, things are complicated further by Benedict having recently named a new archbishop of Quito, Fausto Gabriel Trávez Trávez. The previous archbishop was never elevated for unknown reasons.

Finally word is that Franc Cardinal Rode, prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life is due to retire with Archbishop Ricardo Ezzati Andrello SDB of Concepcion, Chile most  expected to be appointed to replace Cardinal Rode. It is not known if Archbishop Ezzati Andrello will be named in time for the consistory or indeed if he is, if he will be included.

Benedict likes regular small consistories so that the college can get to know itself better in time for a conclave. With that in mind the next consistory should be sometime around the the end of 2012.

Word from Rome


There is talk that Pope Benedict is preparing a new motu proprio that would effectively end the stalling talks on unification between Rome and the Society of Saint Pius X by admitting them into full communion, almost without any preconditions except that the SSPX must accept the 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church. It seems almost an act of desperation on the part of Benedict, given that the talks are not going as planned, his desire to circumvent them to end the schism must be huge. However, one wonders at what cost?  

In other news, the vacant post of secretary of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum was filled some time ago to assist Paul Josef Cardinal Cordes. Cardinal Cordes who turns 76 on 5 September is expcted to retire this year. Among the names mentioned  to replace Cardinal Cordes is the nuncio to Italy, Archbishop Giuseppe Bertello, though if Archbishop Bertello were appointed the formal announcement may not come until after the consistory, which is expected at the end of this year. 

The retirement of Cardinal Cordes is thought to be the last appointment of Pope Benedict this year, even though  Cláudio Cardinal Hummes, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy is almost the same age as Cardinal Cordes, he has yet to complete his five year term at the congregation. Franc Cardinal Rode, prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, who only recieved a new secretary on 2 August, is expected to retire sometime next year.

Consistory 2010?


Today marks the 80th birthday of Theodore Cardinal McCarrick, archbishop emeritus of Washington D.C. who thus loses his voting rights in any future conclave. So the current total voting complement as of today stands at 107 with Paul Cardinal Poupard, president emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Culture next on the list to reach 80.

There has been much talk for at least six months that there would be a consistory to fill the 19 vacant slots in the electoral college of 120 that will come vacant by the end of the year. However, there has been talk recently that Benedict will instead wait until mid 2011 and thus be able to fill six more in the College of Cardinals. As Rocco points out, “between the present and the end of 2012, another whole quarter of the voting College — some 30 cardinals — will superannuate; add in the dozen who’ve turned 80 since the 2007 consistory, and the figure exceeds a third of the eventual papal electorate.”

Benedict may indeed wait but there is a chance that there could be a consistory this year as planned. Like most things in depends on timing i.e. the pope’s, but talk has been circulating that Archbishop Angelo Amato, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints since July 2008 could succeed Franc Cardinal Rode as prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.

If this were to take place, it would mean that Benedict would have to find someone else to take over at Saints, and that means that the new Saints prefect would then give the all important  “indirizzo d’omaggio” the customary address of gratitude to the Pope in the name of the class of new cardinals, at the consistory as it is ranked higher than the CICLSAL dicastry. With Amato still close to Benedict it would be unlikely that such an event would be allowed to happen, seeing as protocol is so important.  

What could just as easily happen is that Benedict could decide to go over the limit of 120 electors but would only do so until April 2011 when it would return to the “limit” of 120. Not that he could just decide to hold it in June 2011, or leave Amato where he is in Saints, but for now it looks like the temptation not to hold a consistory this year will be too great.

Cardinal Brady’s decision


So we finally get an answer to a question that was asked what seemed like an age ago. Will Cardinal Brady resign over the abuse cover-up that took place in the 1970s, “no” seems to be the answer.

Cardinal Brady’s decision will antagonise a lot of people who have understandably less and less respect for the Church. He said that he will stay on in his role as archbishop of Armagh and primate of All-Ireland so that he can “maintain the momentum towards better child safeguarding and not alone that, also the momentum towards renewal of the faith, which is essential here and a big challenge.”

Part of the problem, I suspect lies in who would replace him. There was talk of the bishop of Down and Connor, Noel Treanor, quite sure why I’m afraid I couldn’t tell, succeeding Brady. However, the obvious choice would be Archbishop Diarmuid Martin, archbishop of Dublin and primate of Ireland. If Rome wanted to show that it meant business, it could send Martin to Armagh and give him the red hat at the expected consistory in November then it would show the rest of the Irish episcopate, and indeed the world who’s side the Rome’s is on.

However, Archbishop Martin’s liberal tendencies coupled with his outspokeness of the issue and his obvious desire for reform of the Church I suspect would scupper any hope of him gaining any support in the Curia for him getting Armagh, if indeed he wanted it.

Where this leaves the Church in Ireland is another matter.

New cardinals


Seems as if the date for the upcoming consistory has shifted from mid this year, ie sometime around the 29 June to the end of November, around the Christ the King weekend.

Rocco with all his usual connections says that the names will consist heavily of curialists, headlined by Archbishop Angelo Amato, former CDF No. 2 and Ratzi favourite, along with another former CDF staffer, Velasio De Paolis, Fortunato Baldelli, unusually, Paolo Sardi, who is currently Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church, and holds the post of Pro-Patron of Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, who already have a Grand Master in the form of Fr Mathew Festing . Other names on the list are Francesco Monterisi, fomer Bishops secretary who took over from Cardinal Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo as archpriest of Basilica of St. Paul Outside-the-Walls, Francesco Coccopalmerio, Gianfranco Ravasi. Antonio Maria Veglió and Claudio Celli are also mentioned as likely names.

From diocesan bishops the usual suspects of Paolo Romeo of Palermo, Thomas Collins of Toronto, Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw, Reinhard Marx of Munich and Freising, Laurent Monsengo Pasiya of Kinshasa, Braulio Rodríguez Plaza of Toledo, the infamous Malcolm Ranjith of Colombo, Peter Takeo Okada of Tokyo dominate.

What seems to be a common thread in the wires that Rocco also picks up is that there seems to be substantive talk of sees that already have an elector, getting a second. He mentions, Orani João Tempesta of Rio de Janiero, and most notably, Timothy Dolan of New York and Vincent Nichols of Westminster.

Simon-Victor Tonyé Bakot of Yaoundé, Cameroon, which Benedict visited on his African tour last year and.Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, Fouad Twal also get a mention.

Bear in mind names that have been left out aren’t small fry either, Allen Vigneron of Detroit, Odon Marie Arsène Razanakolona of Antananarivo, Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovitvanit of Bangkok, Cyprian Kizito Lwanga of Kampala,  Donald Wuerl of Washington, Jean-Pierre Kutwa of Abidjan, João Bráz de Aviz of Brasília, Giuseppe Betori  of Florence and Georges Pontier of Marseille, and their not the only ones!

With several curial heads past the retirement age, notably, the prefects of the Congregation for Clergy and the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life. There is also a possibility that some names might not make it but be replaced by others, if of course there aren’t already cardinals.