Archive for the ‘Consistory 2012’ Category

2012 Curial assignments


The last piece of the 2012 consistory has been completed. The new cardinals have received their assisgnments in the Roman Curia.

  • Cardinal Filoni: Doctrine of the Faith, Oriental Churches, Catholic Education
  • Cardinal Monteiro de Castro: Saints, Bishops, Migrants and Itinerants
  • Cardinal Abril y Castelló, Saints, Bishops, Propaganda Fide
  • Cardinal Vegliò: Divine Worship, Laity, Family
  • Cardinal Bertello, Bishops, Propaganda, Justice and Peace
  • Cardinal Coccopalmerio: Doctrine of the Faith, Signatura, Promoting Christian Unity
  • Cardinal Braz de Aviz: Clergy, Catholic Education, Congresses
  • Cardinal O’Brien: Oriental Churches, Cor Unum, Catholic Education
  • Cardinal Calcagno: Prop, Health Care Workers, State of the Vatican City
  • Cardinal Versaldi: Bishops, Religious, Signatura
  • Cardinal Alencherry: Doctrine of the Faith, Oriental Churches
  • Cardinal Collins: Catholic Education, Social Commutations
  • Cardinal Duka, OP: Religious, Justice and Peace
  • Cardinal Eijk: Clergy, Catholic Education
  • Cardinal Betori: Catholic Education, Culture
  • Cardinal Dolan: Oriental Churches, Social Commutations
  • Cardinal Woelki: Catholic Education, Promoting Unity
  • Cardinal Tong Hon: Prop Fide, Inter-Religious Dialogue

Interestingly, Cardinal Wuerl and Cardinal Scola were at the same time both made members of the CDF.


Benedict’s majority


After the consistory of 2012, the total number of members of the College of Cardinals is 213, of which 4 were created by Paul VI; 130 by John Paul II; and 79 by Benedict XVI. The cardinal non-electors are 88, of which 4 were created by Paul VI; 68 by John Paul II; and 16 by Benedict XVI. The cardinal electors are 125; 62 have been created by John Paul II; and 63 by Benedict XVI.

Going nowhere


At the end of his speech to the new cardinals Pope Benedict said “pray also for me, that I may continually offer to the People of God the witness of sound doctrine and guide holy Church with a firm and humble hand”. He has seemingly reversed his prior public statements that he would abdicate.

Consistory 2012:titles and deaconries

As has been the case in the days before a consistory in this pontificate, Pope Benedict XVI yesterday convoked the members of the College of Cardinals and the  cardinals-designate for a day of reflection and prayer.  Of the total of 213 members of the College of Cardinals, including the twenty-two new cardinals, 133 were present. The main theme of the day will be “The announcement of the Gospel today, between missio ad gentes and the new evangelization” and it was introduced with a talk by Cardinal-designate/”rockstar“, Timothy Dolan. There will also be a communication on the Year of the Faith presented by Archbishop Salvatore Fisichella, president of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelization.
Following the shortened consistory ceremony  and revised prayers the new cardinals, dominated by Italian curialists were given their new style ring, biretta and titular church in Rome linking them to the ancient clergy of the diocese.
Non electors:

This is the first time since 1946 that the archbishop of New York has not recieved the titular church of Santi Giovanni e Paolo due to the fact that Cardinal Egan is the first archbishop alive to have is resignation accepted by Benedict. As with the 2007 and 2010 consistories, there were new titular churches created, with 1 new title and 4 new deaconries. Cardinal Collins of Toronto now holds the Irish national church of Saint Patrick, while Cardinal Dolan holds one of the churches most associated with Mexico.

Now the creations of Pope Benedict are in the majority, ahead of John Paul II. As with the last consistory, this one brings another German who again becomes the youngest member of the College. Cardinal Woelki is just 55, and takes over from Cardinal Marx.

There are now 125 cardinal electors who could vote in a potential conclave with  Italian accounting for well over 30 of the 125 electors. The composition of the College is now “from seventy-one States, distributed as follows: Europe 119, North America (U.S.A. and Canada) 21, Latin America 32, Africa 17, Asia 20 and Oceania 4”. Most striking, in these balances, is the weight of the Roman Curia: after today they are 44 of the 125 cardinal electors, that is more than a third. The College will return to its theoretical limit on 26 July when James Francis Cardinal Stafford loses his voting rights.

By the end of 2013 there will be 16 vacant electoral slots to fill. By the end of 2014 there will be an additional 12 electors reaching 80. Pope Benedict could continue his preference for small, regular gatherings of the College and have a consistory in 2013 and 2014, or hold one large one in 2014.

Cardinal Becker


Reports are that Fr Becker will now take part in the consistory next week.

One less?


On 3 February in a surprise announcement the Press Office of the Holy See said the Fr Karl Josef Becker, SJ would not be included in the cardinals to be created on 18 February, due to ill health.  It added that he would be created a cardinal, “privately at another time”. It did not say when this private ceremony would take place.

Salvador Miranda has said that “This announcement concerning Cardinal designate Karl Joseph Becker, S.J., is problematical. The Office needs to clarify if the cardinal will not be created and published (creato e pubblicato) in that consistory but in another one to be celebrated later or, if because of health, he will not be present in the ceremony to receive the cardinalitial insignias but will be created cardinal in the consistory of February 18, 2012. This latter instance has happened in the past more than once”.

Interestingly, Rorate reports that “Becker, an 83-year-old Jesuit, had had his name ‘blocked by the Secretariat of State’, that a ‘rumor’ would follow that he would ‘be made a cardinal in a future consistory’, but that actually it had actually ‘been decided that he should not ever receive the honor'”. It adds that “Becker was one of the pioneers of the need for a “hermeneutic of reform in continuity”. For instance, see his most interesting text on the question of the “subsistit” in Lumen Gentium published a decade ago (available in the EWTN library)”.

In related news, though somewhat unexpectedly Fr  Julien Ries has said that he will become a bishop as canon law stipulates. It was thought that Fr Ries, 91, would be too old to undergo episcopal consecration. The date of the ceremony is to be 11 February in Belgium where he will become Titular Archbishop of Bellicastrum, the titular see once held by Pietro Sambi.

Newer and shorter


A new shorter ceremony for the creation of cardinals has been approved by Pope Benedict to take place over one day instead of two.

Consistory 2012:the names

Pope Benedict having just ordained the new nuncio to Ireland, just after the Angelus announced the names of 22 new cardinals today for a consistory that will be held on 18 February. Eighteen of the 22 are to be electors. In order they are:
  • Fernando Filoni, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
  • Manuel Montiero de Castro, major penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
  • Santos Abril y Castello, archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
  • Antonio Maria Veglió, president of the Pontifical Council for Migrants and Refugees
  • Giuseppe Bertello, president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City & president of the Governatorate of the Vatican City State
  • Joao Braz de Aviz, prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life
  • Francesco Coccopalmerio, president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts
  • Edwin Frederick O’Brien, pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre
  • Domenico Calcagno, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
  • Giuseppe Versaldi, president of the Prefecture of the Economic Affairs of the Holy See
  • George Alencherry, major-archbishop of Erkugnalam-Angamaly of the Syro-Malybars
  • Thomas Christopher Collins, archbishop of Toronto
  • Dominik Duka OP, archbishop of Prague
  • Willem Jacobus Eijk, archbishop of Utrecht
  • Giuseppe Betori, archbishop of Florence
  • Timothy Michael Dolan, archbishop of New York
  • Rainer Maria Woelki, archbishop of Berlin
  • John Tong Hon, bishop of Hong Kong
Non electors:
  • Lucien Muresan, major-archbishop of the Romanians
  • Mgr Julien Ries
  • Fr Prosper Grech OSA
  • Fr Karl Josef Becker, SJ
The same thing happened this time as last time, namely that the order of creation on the biglietto was not in order. Strictly speaking Braz de Aviz should come second on the list, similarly O’Brien should come third.
Obviously a huge number did not make the list, Vincent Nichols, John Dew, Braulio Rodriguez Plaza, and Peter Takeo Okada to name but a few. No new residential cardinals-designate were announced from either Latin America or Africa despite a plethora of candidates.
Not only that Reinhard Cardinal Marx’s “reign” as the youngest member of the College will end on Consistory day when Rainer Maria Woelki of Berlin becomes the youngest member of the College having just been installed in Berlin in July last year at the tender age of 55.
What is also obvious is the domination of curialists on the list to the detriment of residential bishops.

Consistory 2012:possible names


As the announcement for the fourth consistory of Pope Benedict’s reign draws near. Tomorrow at the end of the Ephpiany Mass Benedict is expected to announce 15 names that would be electors. If this occurs Benedict would fill all of the cardinals that aged out in 2011 and up to Henri Cardinal Schwery, who loses his rights in June.

Benedict could, as has been suggested, go beyond this number and fill the 24 slots that would become vacant by the end of this year and have a slightly larger College for a short period of time. It now seems unclear that Benedict will do. While it is impossible to say both how many and who will be included for definite, below is a list of some of the prospective names who are thought to recieve a red hat next month:

  • Fernando Filoni, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples
  • João Braz de Aviz, prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life  
  • Edwin Frederick O’Brien, pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem
  • Francesco Coccopalmerio, president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts 
  • Manuel Monteiro de Castro, major penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary 
  • Domenico Calcagno, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
  • Giuseppe Versaldi, president of the Prefecture of the Economic Affairs of the Holy See
  • Giuseppe Bertello, president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City & president of the Governatorate of the Vatican City State
  • Santos Abril y Castelló, archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore  
  • Bechara Boutros Rai, patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites
  • Mar George Alencherry, major archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly
  • Giuseppe Betori, archbishop of Florence
  • Timothy Dolan, archbishop of New York
  • Rainer Maria Woelki, archbishop of Berlin
  • Thomas Christopher Collins, archbishop of Toronto
  • Dominik Duka, O.P, archbishop of Prague
  • Willem Jacobus Eijk, archbishop of Utrecht
  • John Tong Hon, bishop of Hong Kong

Again this is not the exact list as there are no Africans and no Brazilians or indeed South Americans generally on this list.  All will become clear soon enough.

New major penitentiary


For the second time in his reign Pope Benedict named a new major penitentiary. Cardinal Baldelli was retired, having reached the age limit in 2010. He was replaced by Archbishop Manuel Monteiro de Castro who had been serving as secretary of the Congregation for Bishops since July 2009. 

It is almost certain that Archbishop Monteiro de Castro will be included in the list for the consistory this year.

February consistory?


All reliable sources indicate that a consistory to create new cardinals will probably take place in February 2012.

The date, if all goes as expected will be the 18th and 19th of February. The Feast of the Chair of St Peter, 22nd February, falls on Ash Wednesday next year so a repeat of the 2006 consistory is all but impossible.

If Pope Benedict keeps to the limit of 120 electors he will have 13, or at most 15 places for those under 80 to fill. Among the names to be announced on 18 January are Fernando Filoni,  Domenico Calcagno, Giuseppe Versaldi, Giuseppe BertelloJoão Braz de Aviz, Edwin O’Brien, Santos Abril y Castello. Other curial names that are cited are Francesco Coccopalmerio and Salvatore Fisichella.

Naturally this excludes a number of others such as Antonio Veglio, Zygmunt Zimowski and Claudio Celli. It is unclear whether Cardinal Levada’s replacement, expected to be Bishop Gerhard Muller, will be appointed in time to be included in the consistory.

Of the diocesan bishops that are mentioned are those of Dominik Duka of Prague, Timothy Dolan of New York, Rainer Woelki of Berlin, Thomas Collins of Toronto, Willem Eijk of Utrecht, John Tong Hon of Hong Kong, and Mar George Alencherry and Bechara Rai  of the Maronites.

This list excludes Florence, Toledo, Quebec, Rio, Westminster, Seoul, Riga, Marseille, Cebu, Manila, Turin, Kampala, Detroit, Wellington and Bangkok, among others. As with the CDF post, the patriarchate of Venice is currently vacant and it is unclear whether a new patriarch will be named in time to be included in the list.

Of course, what should be done is either wait until 8 December 2012 and hold a consistory with 24 names or have all 24 electors included in the February consistory and let those who become 80 over 2012 bring it back to its 120 limit.

This would mean that fewer would be excluded and another smaller consistory could be held in 2013 or 2014, or both.

24 slots


Yesterday John Patrick Cardinal Foley, grand master emeritus of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem died, exactly a month after his 76th birthday. As a result of the death, by the end of December 2012 there will be 24 places in a consistory expected to take place next year, either mid year or late November. Though it is known that Cardinal Bertone wants a February date, though this is unlikely.

Yet another candidate


Two days ago the infamous Bernard Francis Cardinal Law was retired from his post as  archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. Cardinal Law who had turned 80 two weeks previously was replaced by Archbishop Santos Abril y Castelló,76, who serves concurrently as vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. Archbishop Abril y Castelló will be included in next years consistory.

Rocco notes that “Law’s departure from the oldest church in the world dedicated to the Mother of God has actually come several years earlier than other recent cardinal-archpriests, both at Mary Major and elsewhere”, not only that but Rocco notes that “the Vatican’s midday release announcing Law’s retirement didn’t include the cardinal’s name nor notice of his resignation”. It merely stated “Il Santo Padre Benedetto XVI ha nominato Arciprete della Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore in Roma S.E. Mons. Santos Abril y Castelló”.

Rocco speculates that the consistory is “predominantly expected to come this time next year”, a late June/early July date cannot at this time be ruled out however.

Sealing the deal?


Today Pope Benedict met Bishop Gerhard Ludwig Muller. While it is unclear exactly what was discussed, it is almost certain that Benedict offered Bishop Muller the job of prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to replace William Cardinal Levada. If Muller takes the job, it is thought that it will be published sometime in the new year, placing Muller first in line for a red hat in 2012.



An article has noted that talk of a consistory to take place at the end of this year has faded. It does however mention an interesting problem.

The article notes that next year’s consistory will take place in “February or June”, though a date at the start of December is not to be ruled out either. It notes that of the 24 cardinals who have lost voting rights since the last consistory only two have been Italians, Sergio Cardinal Sebastiani and Renato Raffaele Cardinal Martino. If Benedict were to include all of those in the Roman Curia  who are expected to eventually be created cardinals there are eight, plus one diocesan bishop (Florence). This of course excludes the vacant patriarchate of Venice that is expected to be filled in the next few months.

Thus, the total number of Italians waiting to be elevated to the College of Cardinals is up to nine. The fact is that not all of these will be chosen at once but it is still a signifcant number of a class that is expected to be 24 electors. The article mentions how “The last consistory rigidly and categorically applied the rule of not including on the list residing archbishops whose predecessor emeritus is under eighty” but continues “even if this cardinal had been recalled to the Roman Curia”. It notes that “If the rule were to be re-applied, it would exclude Florence and Turin again, as well as Toledo”. The archbishop of Turin should not be expected to be included in the next consistory but Benedict may elevate him anyway as Cardinal Poletto turns 80 in 2013.

It adds that “Among the paradoxes of such a strict application of the rule, is the case of Toledo: the current archbishop, Braulio Rodríguez Plaza, at 67 ½ is older than his predecessor, Cardinal Antonio Cañizares Llovera”. There should not however be too much read into this. Benedict will almost certainly elevate both Toledo and Florence, next year.

By December 2012, Italy will have 22 electors out of a possible total electorate of 120 in a conclave. The list of Italians waiting for the call to the College includes, Bertello, Versaldi, Filoni, as well as a number of others. The number of Italian electors  is obviously the direct result of the re-Italianisation of the Curia which is a result of Cardinal Bertone picking mainly Italians for most of the top jobs.

Of those who are in the 12 jobs that eventually lead the holders to becoming cardinals, such as the secretary of the Congregation for Bishops, the secretray of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and the nuncio to the United States, seven are held by Italians.

If the Church wants fewer Italians in the next conclave, and there is no real evidence they don’t, they had better take a longer view and appoint more than the usual cursory Africans and Latin Americans. Otherwise people should not be so surprised at the number of Italian cardinals.

You stratch my back….


Two days ago, in a suprise move,  Velasio Cardinal De Paolis, C.S. having only been a cardinal since November 2010 had his resignation accepted as president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See. In his stead was named Bishop Giuseppe Versaldi of Alessandria, since May 2007. Versaldi had served as vicar general to then Archbishop Bertone of Vercelli. The resignation of Cardinal De Paolis makes him the first of the 2010 consistory to retire after his creation.

In 2010 an Italian newspaper attacked the way Cardinal Bertone was running the Curia. Versaldi came to his former master’s defence. Bertone has obviously not forgotten the defence. Bishop Versaldi had been mentioned to take the archdiocese of Turin  but in the end it is thought that Benedict vetoed such a move.

The appointment of Versaldi to Rome shows either one of two things. Either Pope Benedict let Cardinal Bertone name his former vicar general in order that Bertone’s  power in the Curia be clear to all and further re-enforced, or Benedict has lost interest in all but the most important of curial and diocesan appointments.

The appointed of Versaldi follows quickly on the the heels of the new president of the APSA, Archbishop Domenico Calcagno, also close to Cardinal Bertone. As should be expected, there has been talk of Versaldi being almost certain to be included among the list of new cardinals that will be created sometime next year. The same article notes that Bishop Gianfranco Girotti, 74, regent of the Apostolic Penitentiary, should take over from Cardinal Baldelli, 76, who has served since June 2009 and had previously been nuncio to France for ten years.

This still leaves the prestigious post of nuncio to Italy vacant. Recent talk has suggested that Archbishop Beniamino Stella, 70, president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy is the most likely candidate. Though there is still talk of Archbishop Lorenzo Baldisseri or Archbishop Adriano Bernardini of being appointed.

Today it was also announced that Benedict, instead of waiting for the Feast of Ss Peter and Paul, imposed the new pallium on Cardinal Scola of Milan, which Rocco says “effectively anoints newly-named Milan abp as chosen successor”.

Saunter for the CDF


Since William Cardinal Levada, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith turned 75 in April 2011 the talk has begun to turn to his replacement. However, the race will take place at the usual leisurely Vatican pace.

It is thought that Cardinal Levada does not wish to continue much past the retirement age so a successor will probably be named in the first half of next year. There has been talk that Cardinal Levada has not met Pope Benedict’s expectations in his old job, though this cannot be confirmed.

As expected names abound with the report citing Bishop Gerhard Ludwig Muller of Regensburg, 63 or Archbishop Roland Minnerath of Dijon. Another more obvious choice could be Archbishop Luis Ladaria Ferrer who is serving as the congregation’s secretary. Move from secretary to prefect are extremely rare in the Curia though it does occur, most recently with the appointment of then-Archbishop Mauro Piacenza after the retirement of Cardinal Hummes.

Of course, Benedict could return one of his most trusted aides to the CDF. Archbishop Joseph Augustine Di Noia, a move that has been mentioned here before, and should not be ruled out. The report also rightly notes that “Cardinal Christoph Schönborn of Vienna: a theologian who studies under Cardinal Ratzinger and the principal editor of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, who in the past has frequently been named as a likely prefect for the CDF. Pope Benedict has a long record of appointing prelates with whom he is personally familiar to top Vatican posts; Cardinal Schönborn would certainly fit that description”. Cardinal Schönborn’s comments over priestly celibacy however are important, and should Benedict decide to overlook Schönborn’s remarks it could be interpreted by some as endorsing Cardinal Schönborn’s views. An impression that Benedict would be keen not to give out.

Whoever is appointed, is assured of a place in the next consistory, which as has been mentioned here recently, will be sometime in 2012, with either June or December as the most likely dates.

Coming thick and fast


As had been expected  Pope Benedict appointed Archbishop Giuseppe Bertello, as the president of the Governatorate of Vatican City State and president of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, replacing Giovanni Cardinal Lajolo. Archbishop Bertello will take office on 1 October, his 69th birthday. At the same time Benedict named Giuseppe Sciacca as Archbishop Bertello’s deputy while naming him a bishop at the same time. Due to his new post, Archbishop Bertello is safely assured of a red hat at the next year’s consistory.

There was no word of Archbishop Carlo Vigano who Sciacca replaced but it is thought his appointment as Nuncio to the United States will come in the next few weeks. Similarly, there was no announcement of the replacement of Archbishop Bertello as Nuncio to Itay, though the prestigious post is thought to be given to Archbishop Lorenzo Baldisseri.

Pro-Grand Master


After the resignation of Cardinal Foley as  Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem it had been speculated that the role would pass to either Archbishop Bertello or Cardinal Lajolo.

Yesterday however Pope Benedict appointed an unusual choice, Archbishop Edwin Frederick O’Brien. Rocco notes that Archbishop O’Brien, 72,  formerly of Baltimore, is the second American in a row to lead the thousand year old order. He mentions that “a plurality of the Holy Sepulchre’s global cadre of knights and dames live on these [U.S.] shores” and so having another American lead the order made sense.

Rocco continues saying that the appointment is an “unprecedented nod for a residential archbishop — until now, Holy Sepulchre chiefs have invariably come from the ranks of the Roman Curia or Holy See diplomatic corps”.  The main reason for the move, he notes that O’Brien’s “record of distinguished service to the wider church, most notably in overseeing the 2005-6 Apostolic Visitation of US seminaries at the Vatican’s behest. It’s likewise a pointed vindication of O’Brien’s 2008 move to take on the now-scandal scarred Legionaries of Christ, whose activity in Baltimore was placed under significant restrictions by the archbishop”.

O’Brien has been appointed as Pro-Grand Master, like Cardinal Foley, until the next consistory when after his creation, O’Brien would drop the Pro. The consistory will also include Archbishop Dolan of New York. The timing is as yet unknown but the most likely dates are either around the Feast of SS Peter and Paul, the end of June, or on 8 December, the Feast of Immaculate Conception, when Eusébio Oscar Cardinal Scheid, S.C.I. turns 80 and loses his voting rights.

November consistory


The date for the creation of new cardinals seems to have been set. The names of those to be elevated will be announced on the 20 October, while the Synod on the Middle East is being held in Rome. The actual date of the ceremony being on the 20 November, just days after Janis Cardinal Pujats turns 80 and loses his voting rights. Earlier talk of a June 2011 date seems to have faded. The expected 19 slots for those under 80 will eventually go on to elect Pope Benedict’s successor. It is uncertain if Benedict will go above the 19 names and name electors to replace cardinals who lose their rights in the early part of 2011, such as  Bernard Cardinal Panafieu, Ricardo Cardinal Vidal or Camillo Cardinal Ruini. 

There are, as always, more candidates than available slots so some people are going to get left out. Among the names most likely to get the nod from the Curia are  Archbishops Angelo Amato, Fortunato Baldelli, Raymond Burke, Francesco Coccopalmerio, Velasio De Paolis, Antonio Veglio, Francesco Monterisi and Paolo Sardis another albeit long shot, Piero Marini. Of the residental archbishops names that have been mentioned are Donald Wuerl, Thomas Collins, at least one Polish archbishop, Jozef Kowalczyk the primate of Poland or Kazimierz Nycz of Warsaw along with Reinhard Marx,  Odon Marie Razanakolona, John Dew and Giuseppe Betori, Paolo Romeo, Allen Vigneron, Braulio Rodríguez Plaza, Peter Takeo Okada of Toyko, João Bráz de Aviz and Malcolm Ranjith of Colombo.  

As usual most of the cardinals come from Europe and North America so Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya and Jean Pierre Kutwa have also been mentioned, the former being more expected than that latter to be chosen. What all of these residential archbishops have in common is that their dioceses have no elector at all. So it will be interesting to see if Benedict breaks custom (not law) and names André-Joseph Leonard, Orani João Tempesta, Tim Dolan and/or Vincent Nichols. Not only that, things are complicated further by Benedict having recently named a new archbishop of Quito, Fausto Gabriel Trávez Trávez. The previous archbishop was never elevated for unknown reasons.

Finally word is that Franc Cardinal Rode, prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life is due to retire with Archbishop Ricardo Ezzati Andrello SDB of Concepcion, Chile most  expected to be appointed to replace Cardinal Rode. It is not known if Archbishop Ezzati Andrello will be named in time for the consistory or indeed if he is, if he will be included.

Benedict likes regular small consistories so that the college can get to know itself better in time for a conclave. With that in mind the next consistory should be sometime around the the end of 2012.